Culture and history

Elk Island National Park

Elk Island National Park is situated in the Beaver Hills – an area, as the name suggests, abundant in beaver at the turn of the 19th century. What made the Beaver Hills unique was the aspen thickets which surrounded the prairie and provided forage and protection for the wintering herds of bison and year-round population of elk, moose, and deer.

Indigenous connections

The rich supply of plants and other game in the Beaver Hills area - roots and berries, and deer, moose, and elk, even fish - provided the local Indigenous peoples with a varied and nutritious diet.


Elk Island National Park has an extensive cultural history dating back to the receding of the glaciers.


Memories and buildings are the most obvious reminders of Elk Island's rich history.

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