Second World War Ration Cake

By the Visitor Experience team, Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site, BC

Butter, sugar, meat, coffee, tea. This might just seem like the start of a normal grocery list to us – a few staple food items, generally accessible and relatively affordable – but it wasn’t always so! In fact, during the Second World War, it would have been just the opposite.

By the early 1940s, Canadians’ access to food was beginning to change. Many farmers and other workers had joined the war effort, and as a nation, it became a priority to make regular shipments of food to soldiers. In order to ensure a fair distribution of the food that was available, the Canadian government implemented rationing coupons for various products. During this same time, life was busy at the Fort Rodd Hill, as it was the first time that Canada’s West Coast was under threat. Many soldiers and members of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps were stationed at Fort Rodd and other forts in the Victoria-Esquimalt Coastal Defense system. Families in the area were all feeling the absence of loved ones, but they were also feeling the constraints in the kitchen. Canadian homemakers had to be innovative to find ways of making comforting treats without the ingredients upon which they normally relied.

This recipe for a ration cake – which is reflective of other war time recipes – is a great example of a treat that would have been made for special occasions. It would have taken several weeks’ worth of sugar rations to make happen, and if you take a closer look, maybe you can spot the clever way of using non-rationed ingredients to make the cake rise! Although a rationed treat of old, this cake is still good for any occasion, and perfect to try out with some little bakers at home! For more heritage inspired recipes, visit the Parks Canada Heritage Gourmet page.


Second World War Ration Cake ingredients

Second World War Ration Cake
  • 1 ½ cup flour
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 1 tsp. baking soda
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • 4 Tbsp white vinegar
  • 1⁄3 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 tsp. vanilla extract
  • 1 cup water
  • ¼ cup cocoa
  • Shortening


  1. Preheat the oven to 350 °F.
  2. Lightly grease an 8-inch (20cm) square pan with shortening.
  3. Combine flour, sugar, baking soda, cocoa, and salt in a bowl.
  4. Add the vinegar, vegetable oil, vanilla extract, and water to the mixture. Mix well.
  5. Pour the mixture into the pan and bake for 30 minutes.

Makes approximately 12 portions or cupcakes.

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