In 2006, representatives from the Mi’kmaq communities of PEI, Parks Canada, and the Canadian Museum of History, conducted a foot survey on Hog Island. Two confirmed archaeological sites were discovered and the cultural and ecological importance of the area, already known to the local Mi’kmaq community, was brought to the attention of government officials.

The Epekwitk Assembly of Councils developed and submitted a proposal to create a cooperatively-managed national park reserve or other type of protected area in the Pituamkek (Hog Island Sandhills) area.

In 2009, a tripartite group made of representatives from the federal, provincial and Mi’kmaq governments began a dialogue to find mutually acceptable ways to protect the Hog Island Sandhills and associated islands. Dialogue involving the Epekwitk Assembly of Councils, the province of Prince Edward Island and the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) identified shared conservation goals for the area. Around this time, NCC began acquiring parcels of land in the area for conservation.

In 2010, the First Nations leadership wrote a letter to the Minister of the Environment requesting Parks Canada support their proposal. After review of the proposal, and meetings between the parties, Parks Canada recognized the Hog Island Sandhills and barrier Islands as being of national significance and meriting consideration for protected status.

Since then, multiple organizations have worked together to acquire lands for conservation and to build relationships and additional support for the Pituamkek national park reserve project. The Mi’kmaq Confederacy of PEI, L’nuey (the Mi’kmaq rights-based initiative), the Nature Conservancy of Canada, Island Nature Trust, Parks Canada, and Prince Edward Island have each played significant roles in the development of the vision and continuation of the project.

Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq maw-lukuti’tiji kt+ki menaqa klo’tmnow
PEI Mi’kmaq working with partners in conservation.

Official development of a national park reserve concept for Pituamkek began in August 2019 with the launch of a feasibility assessment, including consultations, to determine if and under what conditions, a national park reserve could be established in the Hog Island Sandhills of Prince Edward Island.

Find out where we are in the journey of creating a national park reserve in Pituamkek.

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