Deportation cross

Grand-Pré National Historic Site

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Deportation Cross.

Located approximately 3.2 kilometers from Grand-Pré National Historic Site's Visitor Centre, the Deportation Cross at Horton Landing is a poignant symbol commemorating the forced deportation of Acadians from Grand-Pré in 1755.

The cross itself has a rich history marked by significant dates and ceremonies that underscore its importance to the Acadian community and their descendants.

Constructed by Abrams and Son of Moncton and installed by Thaddée Léger of Lewisville, the cross was designed by René-Arthur Fréchet, the architect of the Memorial Church. Gothic in style and made of malleable iron, standing approximately 4 meters tall, it bears an inscription that recounts the deportation, marking the site from which Acadians were forcibly embarked onto ships.

The dry bed of the creek which is in sight, a few paces in the marsh is the spot where the VICTIMS OF THE EXPULSION OF THE ACADIANS OF 1755 were embarked on the small boats to be rowed over to the transports lying at anchor in Minas Basin.

Inscription on the monument
Historic photo from 1924. A crowd is gathered around the Deportation Cross.
Benediction of the Deportation Cross at Hortonville, 1924.
A couple holding hands near the Deprotation Cross at Horton Landing
Today, the Deportation Cross is located at Horton Landing, the actual site of the 1755 embarkation.

Following its construction, on August 19, 1924, 280 delegates arrived by train for the "pilgrimage to the land of Evangeline," organized by the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir. After a mass, they moved to the original site of the Deportation Cross in Hortonville for a blessing ceremony led by Mgr. Richard of Verdun (Montreal). This ceremony at Hortonville established the site as a focal point of remembrance for the Acadian deportation.

In 2005, efforts to correct historical inaccuracies led to the relocation of the cross to Horton Landing (Pointe Noire), the actual site of the 1755 embarkation. This move, culminating in a re-dedication ceremony on July 28, 2005, emphasized its significance as a testament to the origins of the Acadian diaspora and their spirit of perseverance.

Today, the Deportation Cross stands at Horton Landing, inviting visitors to reflect on the impact of the Acadian deportation. It highlights the complexities of historical memory and the importance of preserving cultural heritage, serving as a testament to the resilience of the Acadian people and a symbol of hope and remembrance for future generations.


The Deportation Cross at Horton Landing is approximately 3.2 km away from the Visitor Centre at Grand-Pré National Historic Site. The GPS coordinates for the Deportation Cross are 45.1081° N, 64.3009° W. This site marks a significant historical event and offers a picturesque view of the Minas Basin.

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