Culture and history

Beaubassin and Fort Lawrence National Historic Sites

Parks Canada invites you to discover two national historic sites, once home to the Mi’gmaq, Acadians, French and British. Events here shaped present-day Canada.

One Special Place, Two Important Sites

The remnants of the village of Beaubassin and Fort Lawrence lie here, beneath the surface.

  • Beaubassin National Historic Site (designated in 2005) is nationally significant for being the location of a major Acadian settlement on the Isthmus of Chignecto which played a pivotal role in the 17th and 18th century geopolitical struggle between the British and French empires.
  • Fort Lawrence National Historic Site (designated in 1923), which lies within the Beaubassin National Historic Site boundaries, is nationally significant for being built by British troops for the defence of the Isthmus of Chignecto and abandoned in 1756, after the capture of Fort Beauséjour in 1755.


Archaeology has revealed many cultural treasures: First Nations objects, evidence of Beaubassin homes and Fort Lawrence buildings, the traces of gardens,...

A Mi’gmaq and Acadian place

The Beaubassin region provided the quickest route between what is today mainland Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The Missaguash and other rivers linked by...

A village caught in the crossfire

In 1749, French troops came from Quebec to claim the territory north of the Missaguash River. The British responded in the spring of 1750 by sending...

Fort Lawrence

In September 1750 Major Charles Lawrence returned to Beaubassin with 700 British soldiers. This time they were able to land and built a large wooden fort,...

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